Prof. Dr Rath, would you please tell us a little bit about your personal background?
Yes, of course. I grew up in Afrikaanderwijk, which was and still is a working-class neighbourhood. This area is closely connected to the port and used to be the home of numerous unskilled dock workers. Here, I witnessed and experienced the severe socio-economic decline, the arrival of the first cohorts of guest workers and the manifestation of various social tensions – including rioting – that went with that. My parents never enjoyed education, not even secondary school, but they understood that education was the key to a good life – and I found my way through the educational system. This experience has taught me not only that education matters, but also that poverty, lack of opportunities, and urban blight are conditions that shape the course of life for many people — migrants and non-migrants alike.