Svenja Schulze joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) in 1988.
She passed her final high school exams in 1988, obtaining her higher education entrance qualification (Abitur). From 1988 to 1996 she attended Ruhr-Universität Bochum, where she graduated with a Master of Arts degree in German studies and political science in 1996.
From 1993 to 1997, during and after her university education, she worked freelance in advertising and public relations.
Between 1993 and 1997 she chaired the SPD youth organisation (Jungsozialisten, Young Socialists) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In 1997 she became a member of the parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia for the first time, continuing in that capacity until 2000.
From 2000 to 2004 Svenja Schulze worked as a business consultant with a focus on the public sector.
From 2004 to 2018 she again sat as a member of the parliament of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Between 2010 and 2017 she served as Minister for Innovation, Science and Research of the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia.
From 2017 to 2018 Svenja Schulze was General Secretary of the North Rhine-Westphalia SPD.
She first joined the Federal Cabinet when she became Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in March 2018. She served in that capacity until December 2021.
Since December 2021 she has been Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development.